Food History, Retro Recipes, Vintage Recipes

1920s Strawberry Shortcake, Baking Powder & Household Tips & Hints

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I was absolutely thrilled to receive a copy of Any One Can Bake, published by Royal Baking Powder Co. in 1929, from my friend, broadcaster Shan Robins. Shan had been clearing-out some papers from her family home and came across this book which she thought I would like. I don’t just like it, I love it!

I own a very large collection of 20th century cookbooks but the decade I have least coverage for is the 1920s. I particularly like collecting branded cookbooks of which this is a rather fine example. They are often a mix of advertorial, illustrations and advice. In other words, a rather nice item to own.

Although Any One Can Bake is an American publication, this edition was obviously sold in Britain. On the front page a sticker reading, ‘Royal Baking Powder – British Made’ has been placed over details of the American manufacturers of Royal Baking Powder.

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Royal Baking Powder: A Potted History

Royal Baking Powder is most definitely an American brand. Created, in 1863, by two druggists, Thomas Biddle and Joseph Christoffel Hoagland (1841-1899). The pair came-up with the idea of pre-mixing baking soda and cream of tartar to save the home-baker having to do it for themselves.

The year of publication for Any One Can Bake, 1929, is a significant milestone in the company’s history and perhaps the reason for this celebratory edition. This was the year that Royal Baking Powder Co., merged, along with four other companies, to form Standard Brands. Below are a few landmark dates in Royal Baking Powder’s company history (source: Harvard Business School, Baker Library, Historical Collections)

  • 1873, company is incorporated;
  • 1899, company’s Headquarters moves to New York;
  • 1925, company introduced Royal gelatine desserts;
  • 1939, Standard Brands had is own pavilion at New York’s World Fair;
  • 1940s, company introduced Royal Tapioca.

Royal Baking Powder can still be purchased in the US. I haven’t seen it in the UK but if I am wrong then do leave me a comment below and let me know where I can obtain it. In times like these when we are obsessed with the ingredients in our food, I am happy to confirm that Royal Baking Powder is gluten-free, suitable for those with nut allergies and is also Kosher. Ingredients are now made-up of cornstarch, sodium bicarbonate, sodium aluminium sulphate and monocalcium phosphate.

The Perfect Supper Table

Apart from some terrific recipes, Any One Can Bake, also includes lots of advice on the art of being the perfect hostess. In ‘Table Appointments and Table Services’, the lady of the house is encouraged to take pleasure in pretty, spotlessly clean linen; shining silver, glass and china. Advice is very specific, for example:

A  refectory table with deep ecru hem-stitched linen runner and mats, brass candlesticks, Italian or Spanish pottery dishes, and tinted glass tumblers, with fruit as the center-piece is an attractive and well-appointed supper table. (Any One Can Bake, 1929, p.5)

Nowadays, we have Pinterest mood boards to provide us with inspiration for our table settings.

Fascinating Facts About Baking Powder

Other sections include, bizarrely, ‘How to open any Royal Baking Powder tin’ and more usefully: table of measures and equivalents; temperatures for deep fat frying, baking and making sugar syrups. There is also a really interesting chapter about the ‘Evolution of Baking Powder’. Below are a few of my favourite quotes from that particular chapter:

  • Yeast came first. Some prehistoric matron, perhaps, was not too careful about washing out the vessel in which she mixed the grain and water for her baking. A stray yeast cell lodged in the scrapings and developed in the next moist mixing, so that the loaf grew astonishingly;
  • In 1855, The Practical American Cook Book, published news of a new ‘portable yeast’. This was none other than the combination of soda and cream of tartar!
  • Montpellier, Languedoc, France, is where the grape juice is obtained that forms the basis of cream of tartar, a key ingredient in Royal Baking Powder. The juice is allowed to stand for some time, during which period crystals form-just as they form in a sugar syrup. These crystals are cream of tartar, and have a purple colour. These purple crystals are called ‘argols’ and are shipped to America, to the Royal Baking Powder Company, where they are washed, boiled and recrystallized to remove the colour and all impurities and are then ground into powder.
  • Cornstarch is added to the ingredients to prevent them from reacting before entering a batter.

1920s Teenage Supper Party

There are also some really nice meal plans and menus for special occasions. The ‘Evening Suppers’ aimed at the American teenage tradition of ‘boy, girl’ parties, is rather sweet:

Every young girl is anxious to give a party that is different and to be assured that her boy and girl friends are going to have as fine a time at her home as at any other. The kinds of cake or sandwiches or other dishes that the boys like will always be the ones decided upon. The selections below are apt to be most popular with them.

Many of the dishes suggested can be prepared on the electric grill, and their preparation on the table with the help of the guests contributes to the success of the party.

  • Broiled American cheese and bacon on toast; doughnuts; nut fudge cake; cider; coffee; waffles; chicken hash; coffee; chopped ham and horseradish sandwiches; cucumber, onion and parsley sandwiches; anchovy appetizers; coffee; ginger ale; stuffed celery; olives; devil’s food cake; vanilla mousse;
  • Oysters in cream on toast; celery; hot rolls; stuffed olives; coffee; salted nuts; coconut marshmallow layer cake; chocolate ice cream; Swiss cheese sandwiches broiled; Waldorf salad; coffee; salted nuts; crêpes suzette.

Hints For 1920s Housewives

At the back of Any One Can Bake, there is a fun section, very much of the era, ‘Hints For Young Housewives’. Although, so much of the advice given, is still just as relevant today. Here are a few of my favourite nuggets of wisdom:

  • To prevent nuts and fruits from sinking in cake, heat before rolling in flour and adding to cake batter;
  • Onions peeled under water will not affect your eyes;
  • To prevent filling from soaking in pie crust, dust over bottom crust with a mixture of flour and sugar before adding fruit or other filling;
  • To keep sliced avocado from discolouring, keep the pit on top of the slices until ready to serve.

Old-Fashioned Strawberry Shortcake (1920s)

There are so many tempting recipes in Any One Can Bake, I just couldn’t decide which to try first. However, I had some fresh strawberries so opted for ‘Old Fashioned Strawberry Shortcake’. I have never made strawberry shortcake before but know it to be a traditionally American sweet bake so it seemed fitting to give it a go for this post.

The final result was excellent, although one family member said that they found it to be a bit heavy. If you like the dense texture of scones, then you will love this recipe. You can use any fruit that you like to decorate. I used strawberries and blueberries. If you made this in the Autumn/Winter, why not use blackcurrants, red currants and blackberries.

Ingredients: 2 cups plain flour [240g]; 3 teaspoons of baking powder; 1 tablespoon sugar;  1/2 teaspoon salt; 4 tablespoons of shortening [or unsalted butter, softened. In UK shortening is brand Trex and in America, Crisco]; 1 egg; 1/2 cup water [118ml]** ;1 quart strawberries; whipped cream; 1 teaspoonful vanilla essence [optional to add to whipped cream]; fruit to decorate [I used strawberries and blueberries].

**you don’t need as much water as this recipe suggests. Only add a tablespoonful and see how well the dough comes together after that. If you accidentally add too much water then add a little bit of extra flour. I used unsalted butter in my recipe which is perhaps why I didn’t need much water but if you use shortening (UK=Trex, America=Crisco) then you may need this volume of liquid to bind the dough. Make sure that you add both eggs though otherwise mixture will not bind.

Method:

  1. Sift together flour, baking powder, sugar and salt;
  2. Add shortening and mix thoroughly with steel fork [it will be mixed when it resembles scrambled egg];
  3. Add water to beaten egg and then add slowly to make a soft dough;
  4. Divide dough in half. Shape half to fit a greased deep pie plate;
  5. Dot small pieces of butter onto the top of dough;
  6. Place second half of dough over the top buttered dotted dough. [Once in the oven, the butter in the centre will stop the two dough bases sticking together and will make it easy to separate when you assemble the cake];
  7. Bake dough in a hot oven for 30 minutes [I set my fan-assisted oven to 200C and kept an eye on the dough to ensure it didn’t burn];
  8. Remove from dish from oven. Allow to cool on a wire rack. You can serve warm if you desire;
  9. Once cooled. Use a sharp knife to separate the two disks of shortcake;
  10. Whip the cream [add vanilla essence if you wish] and spread half of the mixture between the two shortcake disks and the remainder on the top;
  11. Decorate between the two shortcake disks and sandwich dough together. Top shortcake with remainder of whipped cream and decorate with fruit. Dust with icing sugar and if you wish add a few mint leave flourishes.

2 thoughts on “1920s Strawberry Shortcake, Baking Powder & Household Tips & Hints”

  1. I have a copy of the 1927 publication of _Any One Can Bake_, printed in New York City! I’m pretty sure I’ve made one of the recipes in the book — not the strawberry shortcake, though — but I have to look through my blog posts to remind myself which one it was. I particularly like all the illustrations in the book; it’s fun to see some of the same baking tools I inherited from my grandmother, inside a book from the period!

    1. Hi Elizabeth, firstly, I do apologise for the delay in replying to your comment. Unfortunately, I didn’t see it until this morning & naughty WordPress didn’t ping me an e-mail to alert me to it.

      I was fascinated to read that you have a 1927 version of Any One Can Bake. It is such a great book, some really what I would call ‘modern’ recipes. I have baked some more and created & filmed a 1920s picnic recently. The cheese straws and sandwich rolls were really fab! My post on that picnic should be up shortly, just catching-up on June’s drafts at the moment. Thanks again for your comment. Emma:)

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